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To what extend does reasoning become a strong way of knowing to have objective knowledge?


May 30, 2016 by Nancy Jung

To me, 2016 CAS trip in Qingdao becomes a good experience to understand the infantile autism and amentia. I enjoyed teaching them and interacting with them. One of the most interesting classes during the CAS trip was drawing class, since I like to draw and paint. Content of the drawing class is quite easy. What you need to do is filling the colours into the blank objects. The colours you need to fill the blanks have shown in the corner of the paper, so you only need to match the similar colours and use them to colour. Reasoning becomes a way of knowing in this case, as it can be used to make a choice about something.

However, the colours that children choose are obviously different from the colours I choose. Assuming that the colours I choose is objective knowledge, I find out that their reasoning couldn’t bring out the objective aspects. For instance, the colour of the sea is blue, but a child is colouring it in red. Then, what cause the difference in my reasoning and their reasoning? How could my reasoning bring out more objective knowledge?

Objective knowledge is the knowledge that is independent from one’s opinion. A person’s opinion includes emotions, preference, and values through personal experiences. Thus I thought that objective knowledge is “discovered” rather than “created” by human. Being independent from the personal opinion is a key to become objective. This means that the reasoning needs to be logical and scientific stand; nevertheless, an individual may make the objective knowledge based on his or her valid reasoning because he or she will rely on personal experiences in all situations to understand certain knowledge. Thus, objective knowledge is required to keep away from the bias.

However, one’s bias is unavoidable because the bias is the paradigm in his or her mind and all the time everybody has a paradigm in his or her mind; thus, it is impossible to be without bias. In this case, children are relying on the ‘preference’ rather than on ‘logical orientation’ as a source for reasoning. They choose their colours because they are fond of it or because they want to. Hence the objectivity is interfered with the reasoning process because of the lack of concrete scientific and logical method.

I also could have the bias like children while I am choosing the colour because sense perceptions–in this case is sight– exist a level of uncertainty. That’s because I refer to my paradigm at all times to understand the knowledge or situation. For example, I can mix up with the normal red and scarlet as they had the similar colour, and colour the sun in scarlet rather than in the correct colour, red. However, my choice is still more objective than children’s because my choice is based on the scientific knowledge. Although some scientific knowledge such theory (which is science related) might not be proven 100 percent correct and have some exception, it is still accepted as objective. That’s because the theory has not been falsified thorough many experiments, so that it is very close to certainty.

In conclusion, reasoning is a key to have objective knowledge, but it still involves individual’s personal bias. Therefore, reasoning with logical scientific method would strengthen the objectivity.


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